Primary Sources for Chapter 11
Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
Observations on the Loss of Woollen Spinning, 1794: a report on how the rise of factories changed family life.
Content Question: What miseries does the author report have affected families, especially women and children?
Analysis Question: How does the quality and quantity of work for a family change because of factories?
Evaluative Question: How does the author connect the growing wealth created by manufacturing with the increase of poverty?
From Condition of the Working Class in England: a view of urban blight by Friedrich Engels, one of the founders of Marxism.
Content Question: What are the main problems Engels sees with the city life of workers?
Analysis Question: How does Engels view workers as taken advantage of by others?
Evaluative Question: How should society deal with health and safety issues created by rapid or uncontrolled urbanization?
The Carlsbad Decrees: conservatives pass resolutions to stop freedom of the press and freedom of ideas at universities.
Content Question: What are the main prohibitions?
Analysis Question: How could students or writers get around these restrictions?
Evaluative Question: How dangerous are student unrest or a free press to the established order today?
The Gotha Program: German Socialists set goals in 1875 for a better life for workers.
Content Question: What are the most significant goals?
Analysis Question: How were these goals threatening to the established order then?
Evaluative Question: How many have been put in place now in various countries? How do some people still find some of these provisions threatening?
From Darwin’s conclusion to The Descent of Man: the naturalist sums up some key ideas of human origins in ancient ape-like ancestors.
Content Question: What the main proofs he asserts to support his theory?
Analysis Question: How does he apply his views to understanding human culture?
Evaluative Question: How would some of his interpretations have fed the ideas of Social Darwinism?