Primary Sources for Chapter 6
The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and
Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
The Gospel of Matthew: A selection from the story of Jesus’ life.
Content Question: According to this chapter, what are the challenges people face to get into heaven?
Analysis Question: How does it seem authority works in this process?
Evaluative Questions: Why would people find these teachings attractive?
Letters of Pliny and Trajan: an exchange between an emperor and a governor show Roman attitudes toward the Christians around A.D. 112.
Content Question: What are the specific concerns that Pliny brings to the emperor's attention?
Analysis Question: What worries about religion and social order does this exchange reveal?
Evaluative Questions: How much do these letters show relations between Christians and pagans being based on fear, misinformation, and ignorance?
Augustine’s City of God: the Church Father discusses God’s purpose in granting rule.
Content Question: What key empires and rulers does Augustine review?
Analysis Question: How does Augustine argue for his interpretation of God’s role in rulership?
Evaluative Questions: Why should those who believe in Augustine’s God be involved in politics?
Struggle for the Realm of Submission
Tarik’s address to his soldiers: The Muslim commander encourages his troops before battle during the invasion of the Visigothic Kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula.
Content Question: What does Tarik say to motivate his soldiers?
Analysis Question: What motivations could be said to any soldier in any time and place versus those in this particular battle?
Evaluative Question: Why were Muslim armies so effective?